Collaboration in an open world requires understanding of cultural differences. Developing international cooperation towards closer forms of partnership requires knowledge of both cultures and skills in negotiation and intermediation. Intercultural Competence allows people and institutions to communicate with persons of other nations and cultures and, thereby, to achieve more developed forms of collaboration. Intercultural Competence entails language proficiency, regional expertise, cultural knowledge, openness, empathy and understanding, as well as commitment to mutually agreeable and sustainable solutions. Intercultural Competence and Intercultural Communication also studies how people and institutions from different cultural backgrounds can be brought together in order to find a common basis for interaction and collaboration. It is thus strongly related to intermediation in international affairs and to the creation and operation of international institutions. Research in the second Competence Centre for the SGI focuses on the following three questions: 1. Intercultural Communication Individuals and institutions across cultures differ in knowledge, language, and values. Research on enhancing communication seeks to gain a better understanding of how the impact of these natural differences can be reduced and thus international communication improved. 2. Stages of International Collaboration International Collaboration can extend from Peace Treaties between nations in several steps via stages of variations of economic collaboration up to economic and social unions. Study of International Collaboration seeks to gain a better understanding of these stages and how partners can move to closer forms of cross-national and -cultural collaboration. 3. Negotiation, Intermediation, and International Institutions Switzerland has a tradition of hosting international institutions which is more than 100 years long. Today, twenty-five international organisations have their domicile in Geneva, Berne or Basel – among them the BIE/UNESCO, the WHO as well as the WIPO. Negotiation and intermediation thus form part of the research agenda of the SGI Centre for International Competence. Faculty working in the Centre for Intercultural Competence currently are Prof. Dr. Daria Berg and Dr. Mato Njavro.